The Last Sermon

9th Dhu al-Hijjah, 10 AH (632 CE)

While standing at `Arafah during the Farewell Hajj, and after praising and glorifying God, the Messenger of God (SAW) said:

"To proceed:

"O people, listen attentively to me for I do not know if I will ever meet you again after this year and in this place."

A tall man stood and asked, ‘So what do you advise us to do?’ He replied, "Worship your Lord, pray your five daily prayers, fast the month of Ramadan, perform Hajj to the House of God, give your zakat willingly, obey those placed in charge over you – and you shall enter the Paradise of your Lord."

"All interest from the pre-Islamic period of ignorance is to be abolished; the first that I shall abolish is that of al-`Abbas. Your capital is your own; "do not do wrong and you will not be wronged."

"O people, the months and days have once again been set to the way they were on the day that God created the heavens and the earth. The number of months with God is twelve, four of which are sacred, protected from violations being committed therein, these are Rajab that comes between Jumada and Sha’ban, and three which are consecutive: Dhul-Qa’dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram. "That is the true and upright religion; do not wrong yourselves in them."

"O people, those having deposits should award them to those who entrusted them with them."

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